JEFFREY WILANG (KING MONGKUT'S UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY THONBURI)

ENGLISHES IN THAI BASIC EDUCATION CONTEXT: CHALLENGES AND IMPLICATIONS : GLOBAL ENGLISHES

Although the concept of Englishes has been taught to inservice English Thai teachers enrolled in graduate programs in higher institutions in Thailand, its realization in Thai basic education context remains elusive. To investigate the challenges in teaching Englishes in Thai schools, nine inservice English teachers in various elementary and secondary schools in Bangkok enrolled in a graduate program of applied linguistics were asked to write individual essays about the teaching Englishes in their schools. Thereafter, the essays were coded and thematized. Some of the codes elicited include ‘not proud of strong Thai accent’, ‘teachers don’t know its pedagogical implications’, ‘not many opportunities to practice English with native and non-native speakers’, ‘worried about being judged by other people’, ‘teachers prefer to teach native varieties’, ‘teachers do not know how to introduce Englishes in primary and secondary schools’, administrators hire native speakers’, ‘lack of Englishes-related materials for basic education’, among others. The realization of teaching Englishes are hindered by 12 themes of challenges deduced including attitude, instructional, interpersonal, institutional, resource, conceptual, environmental, policy, testing, contextual, language proficiency and norms. In the coding process, agents of these challenges were also identified such as teachers, education system, society, students, government, administrators, publishers, academics and peers. The findings have wide implications in teaching English and the professional development of English teachers in Thailand.

Jeffrey Dawala Wilang hails from Dilong, Tubo, Abra and currently lectures in the Department of Language Studies, School of Liberal Arts, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi. His research interests include emotions in language learning, English as a lingua franca, innovative research methods, and language education in indigenous contexts.