VAN LAI -
DICTATION AS AN ENGLISH TEACHING AND LEARNING TOOL IN THE 21ST CENTURY. : LANGUAGE LEARNING
Dictation has been widely applied extensively in teaching and learning a foreign language for a long time. Despite claims such as these, dictation has been regarded as a boring, old-fashioned and less communicative by many language instructors and researchers; therefore, it has been ignored in many language learning programs since communicative language teaching (CLT) and learner-centered approach gained more widespread. This paper attempts to re-introduce the basic content, supporting and opposing viewpoints together with the ways making dictation more interesting and interactive. The data in this research is drawn from collecting and analyzing seven articles on the Internet as well as several well-known learning English websites. The findings indicate that the definitions and classifications of using dictation have remained unchanged throughout the time as well as reveal a wide range of benefits when applying this tool whereas dictation has suffered huge oppositions. The study concludes with a variety of useful approaches implemented in organizing dictation activitíes in order to help learners be more engaged, interactive and communicative in the lesson and excellent at all English skills. Practical in-class examples such as running dictation, changing dictators, jigsaw or dictogloss would be included to demonstrate how dictation can make learner become centre as well as advance their four skills speaking-reading-listening-writing.
Van Thanh Lai is currently a lecturer of English at International School, VNU. She received a bachelor’s degree in English Teaching, then Master in TESOL. She has worked in British Council, Victoria University and Walailak University, which has molded her beliefs in equity, celebrating diversity, and developing positive English education.